In Copenhagen consensus on the system established by the Framework Convention it fractured.
On the one hand, the countries responsible for emissions have changed, China, India and Brazil have become emitting the same level as developed countries. The Kyoto Protocol and only controls a third of low emissions, to which Japan, Canada and Russia announced their intention not to sign a second term.
Moreover, the US and China, opposing the regulation of emissions from a legally binding agreement under the principles of the UNFCCC, and imposing its international weight, dragged most countries (115) at the signing of the so-called Copenhagen agreements. Faced with public negotiations UN Convention, where decisions are made by consensus, the text of the agreements was decided at a closed-door meeting between the US, China, Brazil, India and South Africa.
The countries opposed the convention, preventing veto of Cuba, Venezuela and Bolivia, its adoption by the Summit, which gathered in Decision 2 / CP.15 of the UNCC which simply notes: “The Conference of the Parties, Takes note of the Copenhagen Accord of 18 December 2009. ”
In short Agreements established:
“We agree that deep cuts in global emissions, in the light of science and the information contained in the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC are required in order to achieve a reduction of emissions so as to keep the temperature rise world below 2 ° C, and we intend to take action to meet this objective consistent with science and on the basis of equity. ”
“The Annex I Parties commit to implement individually or jointly the quantified targets for reducing emissions on the whole economy for 2020 to be submitted to the secretariat using the form in Appendix I, no later than January 31, 2010 ”
“Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention implement mitigation actions, including those submitted to the secretariat using the form in Appendix II, no later than 31 January 2010.”